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19 September 2017   
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American Breeds of Horse

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American Quarter Horse




North Americas most popular breed. Developed by the early English settlers in Virginia and the Carolinas by crossing mares of Spanish decent with imported English stallions - Thoroughbred, Hobbies and Galloways. It was produced to provide a good all-purpose riding and harness horse but also raced over short distances. Taking its name from the quarter mile sprints in which it competed so well - it claimed to run the quarter mile faster than any other equine. Racetracks were cut in the virgin forests and were usually a quarter of a mile long.

The best-known progenitor of the breed was Janus, a 14h.h. English bred horse by the Godolphin Arabian. Thoroughbred racing ousted the Quarter horse and it was used more for a cow pony, because of its remarkable manoeuvrability it became very adept at herding and cutting cattle.

Recently there has been a revival of Quarter horse racing and they now compete on proper tracks. An attractive, compact horse of kind disposition, being both athletic and fearless with good conformation. The average height is 15.2h.h. but it ranges between 14.3 and 16h.h. It is predominantly chestnut, but any solid colour is permissible. The head is short and fairly wide with a tapering small muzzle, large, wide set bright eyes and medium length alert ears; a fairly long flexible neck; sloping shoulders and well-defined withers; a short strong back and compact body with a broad chest and deep girth; well-sprung ribs and powerful loins; powerful, well-muscled hindquarters with a gently sloped croup; good strong limbs with short cannons and broad, low set hocks; large, well-defined, muscular thighs and gaskins; medium sized feet open at the heal.

Today it is still used for Quarter Horse racing, working cattle and for many other equestrian pursuits: - Western show riding, rodeo, trail riding, showing, jumping and dressage. It is no wonder that it is claimed to be the most popular breed in the world with a registry containing over two million entries. The first Quarter horse exported to Australia was in 1954, where there are a number of large successful studs. The American Quarter Horse Association was formed in 1940. Its registry is now the largest of any breed in the world, with more than two million horses listed. There is also a British Quarter Horse Association and Quarter horse racing.



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