Breeds of Horses - A to Z
Developed as a Draught horse the Murakoz came from the Mura region of
Hungary, Poland and Yugoslavia. Originally in the eighteenth century there
were two types, a heavier slower animal of about 15 to 16h.h. and a smaller
type of about 14 to 15 h.h. These earlier types were not particularly
attractive and they had poor legs and feet, so the authorities concentrated
on breeding the Hungarian Heavy Draught until the 1960s. In the 1920 almost
a fifth of the horses in Hungary were Murakoz, but the Second World War
brought many losses and since then the breed has not regained its numbers.
The breed was first developed by crossing native mares with other Heavy
Horses such as Percheron, Belgian Ardennes, and Norikor stallions.
After the 1960s efforts were made to improve the breed by introducing Fjord,
Hucul and Haflinger blood, this was largely successful and the breed is now
more attractive and sound. It is an economical feeder, has an admirable
temperament and is a good worker. It is usually chestnut with a flaxen mane
and tail, though it is sometimes bay, brown, grey and occasionally black.